DailyPost 357


The idea that the  nations fail because of extractive institutions  was well researched & substantiated in a book titled  Why Nations Fail , authored by Acemoglu & Robinson. Political extractive institutions lead to economic extractive institutions, which work in unison, leading to failed states. Moving from a  standard format of history writing,  these writer historians went into  causative writing.  Answers can be found to questions raised or  postulations either stand or fail  based on research.

Though the cause was brought forth with clarity yet the concept of  inclusive institutions delivering exactly the opposite does not hold ground.  The historical evidence is to the contrary. Democratic state after state is not able to make the cut despite being mandated to have inclusive institutions.  They profess to have created these & certify that they functioning fine.

The gap between the professed & practiced can be huge, as  inclusive institutions can also be brought under extractive control,  diluting the result. Lots of times we hear of such control after  the man at helm leaves.  The skeletons start tumbling out of the cupboard.  All sorts of institutions tend to land up in such control with consistent regularity;  political to economic, with educational & media not being exceptions.

 Inclusive institutions are not easy to create, having created more difficult to run & extremely difficult to provide visible, conspicuous & measurable results.  It needs an inclusive mindset to start set. The person with such mindset should then have to  create an operational matrix  & see it through. This ought to happen institution after institution in a democratic country, consistently.  So, we need such leaders in different institutions to deliver the same standardised product consistently & also keep improving upon it.

Herein, lies the  growth content & inclusivity  of a  vibrant democracy.  We have to make it happen.


    Sanjay Sahay

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